Sheila Leatherman CBE, Hon FRCP, is a Research Professor at the Gillings School of Global Public Health of The University of North Carolina. She conducts research and policy analysis internationally focusing on quality of care, health systems reform, methodologies for evaluating the performance of health care systems, and the integration of microfinance and community health interventions to address poverty. From 1997–2008 she worked as an independent evaluator of the impact of government reforms on quality of care in the NHS, for which she was awarded the honour of Commander of the British Empire in 2007 and published The Quality Quest series of books on the NHS. She now serves as the Lead Advisor for the National Quality Policy and Strategy (NQPS) Project of WHO and advises Ministries of Health for developing national quality strategies. She was elected to the US National Academy of Sciences in 2002 as a member of the Institute of Medicine and was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (2006).